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Are you trying to have a baby for many years but have had no luck? If you’re under 35 and have been actively trying to conceive for 12 months or more without luck, there are chances that you or your partner might have infertility.

At this stage, it’s high time you consulted an expert. A fertility expert will perform some examinations to establish what obstructs your attempts to conceive. 

Here’s an informative blog that covers everything you should know about infertility.

Everything You Need To Know About Gynaecology Infertility

What is Gynaecology Infertility?

Every couple wishes to start a family at a particular time. Some couples can naturally conceive, while others face difficulties. Some underlying issues can affect one’s fertility and prevent conceiving naturally. In this case, infertility is described as the inability to conceive after a year of trying.  

Getting pregnant isn’t something that is just related to ladies. Infertility affects men too. Also, in some couples, male spouses can contribute to infertility. Many reasons, ranging from erectile dysfunction to genetic flaws, can cause men to have difficulty creating quality sperm for their eggs or ejaculating said sperm. Any male infertility can be diagnosed with a sperm count test (also known as a semen analysis) or a blood test.

After all, you’ve had your tests and have a diagnosis report for your infertility. The further step is that your infertility expert can put together a treatment plan for you.

Expect to have a variety of changes, including lifestyle modifications, fertility medicines, surgical treatments, and even intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF).

Symptoms & causes

A most typical symptom of infertility is failure to conceive. However, certain symptoms can signal infertility. These include:

In males,

  • Hair loss in the beard, mustache, and chest.
  • Sexual desires have shifted.
  • Issues with ejaculation and erections
  • The testicles are tiny and solid.
  • Pain, a lump, or swelling in the testicles
  • Low sperm count as a result of illnesses such as diabetes or hormonal changes
  • Premature ejaculation and erectile dysfunction are examples of sexual issues.
  • Consuming a certain drug
  • Smoking

In females,

  • Abnormal menstruation
  • Facial hair growth that is excessive
  • Hair loss or thinning
  • Overweight
  • Variations in hormones cause ovulation problems.
  • Abnormalities of the uterus
  • Endometriosis is a condition in which the uterine walls thicken.

When to See a Fertility Specialist?

So, you’re attempting to conceive? You may have been paying close attention to your menstrual cycle and ovulation, having sex at the same time every month, and taking prenatal and fertility vitamins. But there’s still no positive news? So now it’s time for you to consult a fertility specialist. There are chances that you or your partner has some fertility issues that need medical assistance.

What can cause female and male infertility?

Certain conditions can cause infertility in men and women. In women, this includes:

  1. Blocked fallopian tubes
  2. PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome)
  3. Endometriosis
  4. Premature or Early menopause 
  5. Unexplained infertility

In men:

  1. Unhealthy sperms
  2. Azoospermia
  3. Oligospermia
  4. Infection
  5. Hormone imbalances
  6. Chromosome defects
  7. Ejaculation issues, etc.

How is infertility diagnosed?

As soon as you visit a fertility expert, your medical history and other medical details will be asked. Then, the doctor will suggest some physical examinations and tests like AMH test, Hysterosalpingography, hormone test, ovulation test, etc., to a female partner. Similarly, the doctor will perform semen analysis and physical examination for a male partner. 

Once the diagnosis is made, the doctor will decide on a treatment option.

Infertility Treatment options

Female Infertility Treatment

The treatment options can include:

  1. Fertility medications: They are used to stimulate ovulation. Fertility medicines are the most common treatment for women who cannot conceive because of ovulation problems. Consult your doctor about your fertility medicine options, including the advantages and disadvantages of each.
  2. ART Procedures: Your doctor can suggest any procedure like IVF, IUI, ICSI, or IVM based on your case. 
  3. Fertility restoration surgery: Endometrial polyps, a uterine septum, intrauterine scar tissue, and some fibroids can all be treated with hysteroscopic surgery. Endometriosis, pelvic adhesions, and more significant fibroids may necessitate laparoscopic surgery or an abdominal incision to increase fertility in women.

Male Infertility Treatment

Changing lifestyle factors may be part of a man’s treatment for general sexual difficulties or a lack of quality sperm. Changing your lifestyle and specific behaviors, including stopping certain drugs, increasing the frequency and timing of intercourse, and exercising consistently, can help you get pregnant.

  1. Medications – Certain drugs can help increase sperm count and increase the chances of a successful pregnancy. Testicular function, notably sperm production and quality, is improved.
  2. Surgery Surgery may cure a sperm obstruction and restore fertility in some cases. In some circumstances, treating a varicocele surgically can boost your partner’s chances of getting pregnant.

Why choose Gautam Hospital?

Great things take time. It’s critical to express how you’re feeling, whether you’re going through infertility problems or supporting a spouse who is. If you’re having problems doing so, talk to our infertility counselor, who has been trained to guide people through the emotional phase of infertility treatment.

Through excellent clinical outcomes, research, innovation, and compassionate care, Gautam Hospital wants to change the future of fertility worldwide. Our fertility center has advanced technology and labs. Our IVF experts have helped many couples fulfill their parenthood dreams.